Volatile analysis by pyrolysis of regolith for planetary resource exploration

Daniel P. Glavin, Charles Malespin, Inge L. Ten Kate, Stephanie A. Getty, Vincent E. Holmes, Erik Mumm, Heather B. Franz, Marvin Noreiga, Nick Dobson, Adrian E. Southard, Steven H. Feng, Carl A. Kotecki, Jason P. Dworkin, Timothy Swindle, Jacob E. Bleacher, James W. Rice, Paul R. Mahaffy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extraction and identification of volatile resources that could be utilized by humans including water, oxygen, noble gases, and hydrocarbons on the Moon, Mars, and small planetary bodies will be critical for future long-term human exploration of these objects. Vacuum pyrolysis at elevated temperatures has been shown to be an efficient way to release volatiles trapped inside solid samples. In order to maximize the extraction of volatiles, including oxygen and noble gases from the breakdown of minerals, a pyrolysis temperature of 1400°C or higher is required, which greatly exceeds the maximum temperatures of current state-of-the-art flight pyrolysis instruments. Here we report on the recent optimization and field testing results of a high temperature pyrolysis oven and sample manipulation system coupled to a mass spectrometer instrument called Volatile Analysis by Pyrolysis of Regolith (VAPoR). VAPoR is capable of heating solid samples under vacuum to temperatures above 1300°C and determining the composition of volatiles released as a function of temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Event2012 IEEE Aerospace Conference - Big Sky, MT, United States
Duration: Mar 3 2012Mar 10 2012

Other

Other2012 IEEE Aerospace Conference
CountryUnited States
CityBig Sky, MT
Period3/3/123/10/12

Fingerprint

regolith
pyrolysis
resources
Pyrolysis
resource
noble gas
Inert gases
temperature
Temperature
rare gases
Vacuum
oxygen
vacuum
Oxygen
ovens
Moon
Mass spectrometers
Ovens
moon
mars

Keywords

  • Desert Research And Technology Studies (DRATS)
  • Evolved gas analysis
  • Lunar volatiles
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Planetary science
  • Resource utilization
  • Vacuum pyrolysis
  • Volatile Analysis by Pyrolysis of Regolith (VAPoR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Glavin, D. P., Malespin, C., Ten Kate, I. L., Getty, S. A., Holmes, V. E., Mumm, E., ... Mahaffy, P. R. (2012). Volatile analysis by pyrolysis of regolith for planetary resource exploration. In IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings [6187065] https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2012.6187065

Volatile analysis by pyrolysis of regolith for planetary resource exploration. / Glavin, Daniel P.; Malespin, Charles; Ten Kate, Inge L.; Getty, Stephanie A.; Holmes, Vincent E.; Mumm, Erik; Franz, Heather B.; Noreiga, Marvin; Dobson, Nick; Southard, Adrian E.; Feng, Steven H.; Kotecki, Carl A.; Dworkin, Jason P.; Swindle, Timothy; Bleacher, Jacob E.; Rice, James W.; Mahaffy, Paul R.

IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. 2012. 6187065.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Glavin, DP, Malespin, C, Ten Kate, IL, Getty, SA, Holmes, VE, Mumm, E, Franz, HB, Noreiga, M, Dobson, N, Southard, AE, Feng, SH, Kotecki, CA, Dworkin, JP, Swindle, T, Bleacher, JE, Rice, JW & Mahaffy, PR 2012, Volatile analysis by pyrolysis of regolith for planetary resource exploration. in IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings., 6187065, 2012 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, MT, United States, 3/3/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2012.6187065
Glavin DP, Malespin C, Ten Kate IL, Getty SA, Holmes VE, Mumm E et al. Volatile analysis by pyrolysis of regolith for planetary resource exploration. In IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. 2012. 6187065 https://doi.org/10.1109/AERO.2012.6187065
Glavin, Daniel P. ; Malespin, Charles ; Ten Kate, Inge L. ; Getty, Stephanie A. ; Holmes, Vincent E. ; Mumm, Erik ; Franz, Heather B. ; Noreiga, Marvin ; Dobson, Nick ; Southard, Adrian E. ; Feng, Steven H. ; Kotecki, Carl A. ; Dworkin, Jason P. ; Swindle, Timothy ; Bleacher, Jacob E. ; Rice, James W. ; Mahaffy, Paul R. / Volatile analysis by pyrolysis of regolith for planetary resource exploration. IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. 2012.
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