Voluntary exercise training enhances glucose transport but not insulin signaling capacity in muscle of hypertensive TG(mREN2)27 rats

Andrew M. Lemieux, Cody J. Diehl, Julie A. Sloniger, Erik J. Henriksen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Male heterozygous TG(mREN2)27 rats (TGR) overexpress a murine renin transgene, display marked hypertension, and have insulin resistance of skeletal muscle glucose transport and insulin signaling. We have shown previously that voluntary exercise training by TGR improves insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose transport (Kinnick TR, Youngblood EB, O'Keefe MP, Saengsirisuwan V, Teachey MK, and Henriksen EJ. J Appl Physiol 93: 805-812, 2002). The present study evaluated whether this training-induced enhancement of muscle glucose transport is associated with upregulation of critical insulin signaling elements, including insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Akt, and glycogen synthase kinase-3. TGR remained sedentary or ran spontaneously in activity wheels for 6 wk. averaging 7.1 ± 0.8 km/day by the end of week 3 and 4.3 ± 0.5 km/day over the final week of training. Exercise training reduced total abdominal fat by 20% (P < 0.05) in TGR runners (2.64 ± 0.01% of body weight) compared with sedentary TGR controls (3.28 ± 0.01%). Insulin-stimulated (2 mU/ml) glucose transport activity in soleus muscle was 36% greater in TGR runners compared with sedentary TGR controls. However, the protein expression and functionality of tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor and IRS-1, IRS-1 associated with the p85 regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and Ser473 phosphorylation of Akt were not altered by exercise training. Only insulin-stimulated glycogen synthase kinase-3β Ser9 phosphorylation was increased (22%) by exercise training. These results indicate that voluntary exercise training in TGR can enhance insulin-mediated glucose transport in skeletal muscle, as well as reduce total abdominal fat mass. However, this adaptive response in muscle occurs independently of modifications in the proximal elements of the insulin signaling cascade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-362
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005

Keywords

  • Akt
  • Glycogen synthase kinase-3
  • Insulin receptor substrate-1
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase
  • Soleus
  • Spontaneous running

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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