Wastewater renovation and reuse: Virus removal by soil filtration

R. G. Gilbert, R. C. Rice, H. Bouwer, Charles P Gerba, C. Wallis, J. L. Melnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Secondary sewage effluent and renovated water from four wells at the Flushing Meadows Wastewater Renovation Project near Phoenix, Arizona, in operation since 1967, were assayed approximately every 2 months in 1974 for viruses during flooding periods. Viruses, regularly found in the secondary effluent, were not detected in any renovated water samples. Our results indicated that human viral pathogens do not move through soil into the groundwater, but are apparently absorbed and degraded by the soil and reduced in numbers by a factor of at least 104 (99.99 percent removal).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1004-1005
Number of pages2
JournalScience
Volume192
Issue number4243
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Waste Water
Soil
Viruses
Water
Groundwater
Sewage
Grassland

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Gilbert, R. G., Rice, R. C., Bouwer, H., Gerba, C. P., Wallis, C., & Melnick, J. L. (1976). Wastewater renovation and reuse: Virus removal by soil filtration. Science, 192(4243), 1004-1005.

Wastewater renovation and reuse : Virus removal by soil filtration. / Gilbert, R. G.; Rice, R. C.; Bouwer, H.; Gerba, Charles P; Wallis, C.; Melnick, J. L.

In: Science, Vol. 192, No. 4243, 1976, p. 1004-1005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gilbert, RG, Rice, RC, Bouwer, H, Gerba, CP, Wallis, C & Melnick, JL 1976, 'Wastewater renovation and reuse: Virus removal by soil filtration', Science, vol. 192, no. 4243, pp. 1004-1005.
Gilbert RG, Rice RC, Bouwer H, Gerba CP, Wallis C, Melnick JL. Wastewater renovation and reuse: Virus removal by soil filtration. Science. 1976;192(4243):1004-1005.
Gilbert, R. G. ; Rice, R. C. ; Bouwer, H. ; Gerba, Charles P ; Wallis, C. ; Melnick, J. L. / Wastewater renovation and reuse : Virus removal by soil filtration. In: Science. 1976 ; Vol. 192, No. 4243. pp. 1004-1005.
@article{da18ed6645e34930ad50ad50e1721582,
title = "Wastewater renovation and reuse: Virus removal by soil filtration",
abstract = "Secondary sewage effluent and renovated water from four wells at the Flushing Meadows Wastewater Renovation Project near Phoenix, Arizona, in operation since 1967, were assayed approximately every 2 months in 1974 for viruses during flooding periods. Viruses, regularly found in the secondary effluent, were not detected in any renovated water samples. Our results indicated that human viral pathogens do not move through soil into the groundwater, but are apparently absorbed and degraded by the soil and reduced in numbers by a factor of at least 104 (99.99 percent removal).",
author = "Gilbert, {R. G.} and Rice, {R. C.} and H. Bouwer and Gerba, {Charles P} and C. Wallis and Melnick, {J. L.}",
year = "1976",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "192",
pages = "1004--1005",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "4243",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wastewater renovation and reuse

T2 - Virus removal by soil filtration

AU - Gilbert, R. G.

AU - Rice, R. C.

AU - Bouwer, H.

AU - Gerba, Charles P

AU - Wallis, C.

AU - Melnick, J. L.

PY - 1976

Y1 - 1976

N2 - Secondary sewage effluent and renovated water from four wells at the Flushing Meadows Wastewater Renovation Project near Phoenix, Arizona, in operation since 1967, were assayed approximately every 2 months in 1974 for viruses during flooding periods. Viruses, regularly found in the secondary effluent, were not detected in any renovated water samples. Our results indicated that human viral pathogens do not move through soil into the groundwater, but are apparently absorbed and degraded by the soil and reduced in numbers by a factor of at least 104 (99.99 percent removal).

AB - Secondary sewage effluent and renovated water from four wells at the Flushing Meadows Wastewater Renovation Project near Phoenix, Arizona, in operation since 1967, were assayed approximately every 2 months in 1974 for viruses during flooding periods. Viruses, regularly found in the secondary effluent, were not detected in any renovated water samples. Our results indicated that human viral pathogens do not move through soil into the groundwater, but are apparently absorbed and degraded by the soil and reduced in numbers by a factor of at least 104 (99.99 percent removal).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017129656&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0017129656&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1273580

AN - SCOPUS:0017129656

VL - 192

SP - 1004

EP - 1005

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 4243

ER -