Water governance in the Nile Basin for hydropower development

Marit Kitaw, Muluneh Yitayew

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Water governance in the Nile basin and, in general, in Africa faces technical, social, environmental, economic, and political challenges. Power shortage is a factor in limiting development and growing food shortage. The Nile basin countries have an estimated 140,000 MW of hydropower potential, but a small fraction is exploited except for Egypt. Increasing population in the Nile basin countries is increasing the demand for water and power. By 2025, Burundi, Rwanda, Egypt, Ethiopia, and Kenya are projected to face shortage of per capita water availability (1,000 m<sup>3</sup> per person per year). Nile countries are facing tremendous challenges with regard to food security, adapting to climate change, and shortage of energy. But, they are not yet able to settle legal and political disagreements on a proposed agreement for cooperation. Lack of water agreements that are timely, equitable, and acceptable by all riparian countries could result in constant conflict and mismanagement of the water resources of this transboundary river basin. There are several examples of best practices in governance of transboundary water resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNile River Basin: Ecohydrological Challenges, Climate Change and Hydropolitics
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages499-515
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783319027203, 3319027190, 9783319027197
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Fingerprint

water resource
basin
environmental economics
food security
water availability
water
river basin
climate change
food
energy
demand
co-operation
Africa
conflict

Keywords

  • Hydropower
  • Nile basin
  • Nile countries
  • Transboundary rivers
  • Water governance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Kitaw, M., & Yitayew, M. (2013). Water governance in the Nile Basin for hydropower development. In Nile River Basin: Ecohydrological Challenges, Climate Change and Hydropolitics (pp. 499-515). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02720-3_25

Water governance in the Nile Basin for hydropower development. / Kitaw, Marit; Yitayew, Muluneh.

Nile River Basin: Ecohydrological Challenges, Climate Change and Hydropolitics. Springer International Publishing, 2013. p. 499-515.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kitaw, M & Yitayew, M 2013, Water governance in the Nile Basin for hydropower development. in Nile River Basin: Ecohydrological Challenges, Climate Change and Hydropolitics. Springer International Publishing, pp. 499-515. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02720-3_25
Kitaw M, Yitayew M. Water governance in the Nile Basin for hydropower development. In Nile River Basin: Ecohydrological Challenges, Climate Change and Hydropolitics. Springer International Publishing. 2013. p. 499-515 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02720-3_25
Kitaw, Marit ; Yitayew, Muluneh. / Water governance in the Nile Basin for hydropower development. Nile River Basin: Ecohydrological Challenges, Climate Change and Hydropolitics. Springer International Publishing, 2013. pp. 499-515
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