Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy

Tyler D. Groff, Camilo Mejia Prada, Eric Cady, Maxime J. Rizzo, Avi Mandell, Qian Gong, Michael McElwain, Neil Zimmerman, Prabal Saxena, Olivier Guyon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct Imaging of exoplanets using a coronagraph has become a major field of research both on the ground and in space. Key to the science of direct imaging is the spectroscopic capabilities of the instrument, our ability to fit spectra, and understanding the composition of the observed planets. Direct imaging instruments generally use an integral field spectrograph (IFS), which encodes the spectrum into a two-dimensional image on the detector. This results in more efficient detection and characterization of targets, and the spectral information is critical to achieving detection limits below the speckle floor of the imager. The most mature application of these techniques is at more modest contrast ratios on ground-based telescopes, achieving approximately 5-6 orders of magnitude suppression. In space, where we are attempting to detect Earth-analogs, the contrast requirements are more severe and the IFS must be incorporated into the wavefront control loop to reach 1e-10 detection limits required for Earth-like planet detection. We present the objectives and application of IFS imagery for both a speckle control loop and post-processing of images. Results, tested methodologies, and the future work using the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS) and the Prototype Imaging Spectrograph for Coronagraphic Exoplanet Studies (PISCES) at the JPL High Contrast Imaging Testbed are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII
PublisherSPIE
Volume10400
ISBN (Electronic)9781510612570
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes
EventTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII 2017 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 8 2017Aug 10 2017

Other

OtherTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/8/178/10/17

Fingerprint

Spectrograph
Wavefronts
Spectrographs
Wave Front
spectrographs
Spectroscopy
Imaging
Imaging techniques
Exoplanets
Detection Limit
spectroscopy
Speckle
extrasolar planets
Planets
Earth analogs
planet detection
High Contrast Imaging
High Angular Resolution
Coronagraph
Earth (planet)

Keywords

  • Exoplanets
  • High Contrast Imaging
  • Integral Field Spec-troscopy
  • Integral Field Spectrograph
  • Wavefront Control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Groff, T. D., Mejia Prada, C., Cady, E., Rizzo, M. J., Mandell, A., Gong, Q., ... Guyon, O. (2017). Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy. In Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII (Vol. 10400). [104000Q] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274709

Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy. / Groff, Tyler D.; Mejia Prada, Camilo; Cady, Eric; Rizzo, Maxime J.; Mandell, Avi; Gong, Qian; McElwain, Michael; Zimmerman, Neil; Saxena, Prabal; Guyon, Olivier.

Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII. Vol. 10400 SPIE, 2017. 104000Q.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Groff, TD, Mejia Prada, C, Cady, E, Rizzo, MJ, Mandell, A, Gong, Q, McElwain, M, Zimmerman, N, Saxena, P & Guyon, O 2017, Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy. in Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII. vol. 10400, 104000Q, SPIE, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII 2017, San Diego, United States, 8/8/17. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274709
Groff TD, Mejia Prada C, Cady E, Rizzo MJ, Mandell A, Gong Q et al. Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy. In Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII. Vol. 10400. SPIE. 2017. 104000Q https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2274709
Groff, Tyler D. ; Mejia Prada, Camilo ; Cady, Eric ; Rizzo, Maxime J. ; Mandell, Avi ; Gong, Qian ; McElwain, Michael ; Zimmerman, Neil ; Saxena, Prabal ; Guyon, Olivier. / Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy. Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII. Vol. 10400 SPIE, 2017.
@inproceedings{a56c6fdfc3dc433bad16ea283423d6a3,
title = "Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy",
abstract = "Direct Imaging of exoplanets using a coronagraph has become a major field of research both on the ground and in space. Key to the science of direct imaging is the spectroscopic capabilities of the instrument, our ability to fit spectra, and understanding the composition of the observed planets. Direct imaging instruments generally use an integral field spectrograph (IFS), which encodes the spectrum into a two-dimensional image on the detector. This results in more efficient detection and characterization of targets, and the spectral information is critical to achieving detection limits below the speckle floor of the imager. The most mature application of these techniques is at more modest contrast ratios on ground-based telescopes, achieving approximately 5-6 orders of magnitude suppression. In space, where we are attempting to detect Earth-analogs, the contrast requirements are more severe and the IFS must be incorporated into the wavefront control loop to reach 1e-10 detection limits required for Earth-like planet detection. We present the objectives and application of IFS imagery for both a speckle control loop and post-processing of images. Results, tested methodologies, and the future work using the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS) and the Prototype Imaging Spectrograph for Coronagraphic Exoplanet Studies (PISCES) at the JPL High Contrast Imaging Testbed are presented.",
keywords = "Exoplanets, High Contrast Imaging, Integral Field Spec-troscopy, Integral Field Spectrograph, Wavefront Control",
author = "Groff, {Tyler D.} and {Mejia Prada}, Camilo and Eric Cady and Rizzo, {Maxime J.} and Avi Mandell and Qian Gong and Michael McElwain and Neil Zimmerman and Prabal Saxena and Olivier Guyon",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1117/12.2274709",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10400",
booktitle = "Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII",
publisher = "SPIE",
address = "United States",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Wavefront control methods for high-contrast integral field spectroscopy

AU - Groff, Tyler D.

AU - Mejia Prada, Camilo

AU - Cady, Eric

AU - Rizzo, Maxime J.

AU - Mandell, Avi

AU - Gong, Qian

AU - McElwain, Michael

AU - Zimmerman, Neil

AU - Saxena, Prabal

AU - Guyon, Olivier

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Direct Imaging of exoplanets using a coronagraph has become a major field of research both on the ground and in space. Key to the science of direct imaging is the spectroscopic capabilities of the instrument, our ability to fit spectra, and understanding the composition of the observed planets. Direct imaging instruments generally use an integral field spectrograph (IFS), which encodes the spectrum into a two-dimensional image on the detector. This results in more efficient detection and characterization of targets, and the spectral information is critical to achieving detection limits below the speckle floor of the imager. The most mature application of these techniques is at more modest contrast ratios on ground-based telescopes, achieving approximately 5-6 orders of magnitude suppression. In space, where we are attempting to detect Earth-analogs, the contrast requirements are more severe and the IFS must be incorporated into the wavefront control loop to reach 1e-10 detection limits required for Earth-like planet detection. We present the objectives and application of IFS imagery for both a speckle control loop and post-processing of images. Results, tested methodologies, and the future work using the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS) and the Prototype Imaging Spectrograph for Coronagraphic Exoplanet Studies (PISCES) at the JPL High Contrast Imaging Testbed are presented.

AB - Direct Imaging of exoplanets using a coronagraph has become a major field of research both on the ground and in space. Key to the science of direct imaging is the spectroscopic capabilities of the instrument, our ability to fit spectra, and understanding the composition of the observed planets. Direct imaging instruments generally use an integral field spectrograph (IFS), which encodes the spectrum into a two-dimensional image on the detector. This results in more efficient detection and characterization of targets, and the spectral information is critical to achieving detection limits below the speckle floor of the imager. The most mature application of these techniques is at more modest contrast ratios on ground-based telescopes, achieving approximately 5-6 orders of magnitude suppression. In space, where we are attempting to detect Earth-analogs, the contrast requirements are more severe and the IFS must be incorporated into the wavefront control loop to reach 1e-10 detection limits required for Earth-like planet detection. We present the objectives and application of IFS imagery for both a speckle control loop and post-processing of images. Results, tested methodologies, and the future work using the Coronagraphic High Angular Resolution Imaging Spectrograph (CHARIS) and the Prototype Imaging Spectrograph for Coronagraphic Exoplanet Studies (PISCES) at the JPL High Contrast Imaging Testbed are presented.

KW - Exoplanets

KW - High Contrast Imaging

KW - Integral Field Spec-troscopy

KW - Integral Field Spectrograph

KW - Wavefront Control

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85040191993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85040191993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2274709

DO - 10.1117/12.2274709

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 10400

BT - Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VIII

PB - SPIE

ER -