Weeds and herbicides in Arizona: surveys of plant populations and grower practices

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cotton fields were surveyed for weeds in 1995 late in the season, either immediately before harvest or after harvest using the quantitative survey method of Thomas. The 82 fields surveyed across the state were randomly selected and wer a subset of the fields used by the USDA-Arizona Agricultural Statistics Service to determine objective cotton yield estimates during the season. An inverted 'W' pattern was used to systematically walk each sample field. Each leg or transect on the inverted 'W' contained 5 equally spaced quadrats for a total of 20 quadrats per field. Each quadrat consisted of 2 adjacent cotton rows by 10 feet of row. With a statewide average row spacing of 37.47 inches, an average of 116 m2 were surveyed in each field. All weeds in each quadrat were identified, counted, and data for each species in each quadrat was recorded for subsequent data entry and computer analysis. Only mature weeds were counted since these weeds were not controlled by the cultural practices and herbicides used by the grower. Four measures of weed abundance were calculated. Frequency (F) was the number of fields in which a species occurred in at least one quadrat expressed as a percentage of the total number of fields. Field uniformity (U) was the number of quadrats in which a species occurred expressed as a percentage of the total number of quadrats. Mean field density (MFD) was the mean number of plants m-2 for each species expressed over all fields surveyed. Relative abundance (RA) summarized the relative importance of a weed species based on frequency, field uniformity and mean field density measures. RA was calculated as the sum of relative F (RF=F/Σall F x 100), relative FU (RU=U/Σall U x 100), and relative MFD (RMFD=MFD/Σall MFD x 100).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 1998 beltwide cotton conferences, San Diego, CA, USA, January 5-9 1999
PublisherNational Cotton Council of America
Pages869-870
Number of pages2
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Herbicides
Cotton
Data acquisition
Statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Mccloskey, W. B., Baker, P. B., & Sherman, W. (1998). Weeds and herbicides in Arizona: surveys of plant populations and grower practices. In Proceedings of the 1998 beltwide cotton conferences, San Diego, CA, USA, January 5-9 1999 (pp. 869-870). National Cotton Council of America.

Weeds and herbicides in Arizona : surveys of plant populations and grower practices. / Mccloskey, William B; Baker, Paul B; Sherman, W.

Proceedings of the 1998 beltwide cotton conferences, San Diego, CA, USA, January 5-9 1999. National Cotton Council of America, 1998. p. 869-870.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Mccloskey, WB, Baker, PB & Sherman, W 1998, Weeds and herbicides in Arizona: surveys of plant populations and grower practices. in Proceedings of the 1998 beltwide cotton conferences, San Diego, CA, USA, January 5-9 1999. National Cotton Council of America, pp. 869-870.
Mccloskey WB, Baker PB, Sherman W. Weeds and herbicides in Arizona: surveys of plant populations and grower practices. In Proceedings of the 1998 beltwide cotton conferences, San Diego, CA, USA, January 5-9 1999. National Cotton Council of America. 1998. p. 869-870
Mccloskey, William B ; Baker, Paul B ; Sherman, W. / Weeds and herbicides in Arizona : surveys of plant populations and grower practices. Proceedings of the 1998 beltwide cotton conferences, San Diego, CA, USA, January 5-9 1999. National Cotton Council of America, 1998. pp. 869-870
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abstract = "Cotton fields were surveyed for weeds in 1995 late in the season, either immediately before harvest or after harvest using the quantitative survey method of Thomas. The 82 fields surveyed across the state were randomly selected and wer a subset of the fields used by the USDA-Arizona Agricultural Statistics Service to determine objective cotton yield estimates during the season. An inverted 'W' pattern was used to systematically walk each sample field. Each leg or transect on the inverted 'W' contained 5 equally spaced quadrats for a total of 20 quadrats per field. Each quadrat consisted of 2 adjacent cotton rows by 10 feet of row. With a statewide average row spacing of 37.47 inches, an average of 116 m2 were surveyed in each field. All weeds in each quadrat were identified, counted, and data for each species in each quadrat was recorded for subsequent data entry and computer analysis. Only mature weeds were counted since these weeds were not controlled by the cultural practices and herbicides used by the grower. Four measures of weed abundance were calculated. Frequency (F) was the number of fields in which a species occurred in at least one quadrat expressed as a percentage of the total number of fields. Field uniformity (U) was the number of quadrats in which a species occurred expressed as a percentage of the total number of quadrats. Mean field density (MFD) was the mean number of plants m-2 for each species expressed over all fields surveyed. Relative abundance (RA) summarized the relative importance of a weed species based on frequency, field uniformity and mean field density measures. RA was calculated as the sum of relative F (RF=F/Σall F x 100), relative FU (RU=U/Σall U x 100), and relative MFD (RMFD=MFD/Σall MFD x 100).",
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