What are the origins of political trust? Testing institutional and cultural theories in post-communist societies

William T Mishler, Richard Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

611 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Popular trust in political institutions is vital to democracy, but in post-Communist countries, popular distrust for institutions is widespread, and prospects for generating increased political trust are uncertain given disagreements over its origins. Cultural theories emphasizing exogenous determinants of trust compete with institutional theories emphasizing endogenous influences, and both can be further differentiated into micro and macro variants. Competing hypotheses drawn from these theories are tested using data from 10 post-Communist countries in Eastern and Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. Aggregate data on economic and political performance are combined with survey data on interpersonal and political trust, political socialization experiences, and individual evaluations of national performance. Results strongly support the superiority of institutional explanations of the origins of political trust, especially microlevel explanations, while providing little support for either micro-cultural or macro-cultural explanations. This encourages cautious optimism about the potential for nurturing popular trust in new democratic institutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-62
Number of pages33
JournalComparative Political Studies
Volume34
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2001

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post-communist society
cultural theory
political socialization
aggregate data
political institution
optimism
Central Europe
Eastern Europe
USSR
performance
determinants
democracy
evaluation
economics
experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

What are the origins of political trust? Testing institutional and cultural theories in post-communist societies. / Mishler, William T; Rose, Richard.

In: Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 34, No. 1, 02.2001, p. 30-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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