What caused the collapse of apartheid?

Kathleen C Schwartzman, Kristie A. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a 1992 national referendum, white South Africans voted to make the transition to full democracy. What accounts for the willingness of the ruling whites to close down the forty-four-year old apartheid system and open up the political arena? Numerous explanations have been offered for the recent wave of democratic transitions. Some have argued that transitions such as those in the Soviet Union (1991), Brazil (1981), and Portugal (1974) were the result of social protest. Others have attributed the transition to the rise of an industrial labor force. While South African observers argued that domestic economic stagnation would force a political readjustment, others argued that globalization made democratic coalitions preferable and more plausible. Using South African data and a time-series path model, we investigate these alternative explanations of the South African transition. Our analysis suggests that constraints on the domestic labor market and international financial boycotts were the primary factors in the collapse of apartheid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-139
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Political and Military Sociology
Volume27
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

apartheid
boycott
domestic market
stagnation
referendum
labor force
Portugal
protest
USSR
time series
coalition
labor market
Brazil
globalization
democracy
economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

What caused the collapse of apartheid? / Schwartzman, Kathleen C; Taylor, Kristie A.

In: Journal of Political and Military Sociology, Vol. 27, No. 1, 06.1999, p. 109-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{419f9a8d4fe4469e9b830870e8400b43,
title = "What caused the collapse of apartheid?",
abstract = "In a 1992 national referendum, white South Africans voted to make the transition to full democracy. What accounts for the willingness of the ruling whites to close down the forty-four-year old apartheid system and open up the political arena? Numerous explanations have been offered for the recent wave of democratic transitions. Some have argued that transitions such as those in the Soviet Union (1991), Brazil (1981), and Portugal (1974) were the result of social protest. Others have attributed the transition to the rise of an industrial labor force. While South African observers argued that domestic economic stagnation would force a political readjustment, others argued that globalization made democratic coalitions preferable and more plausible. Using South African data and a time-series path model, we investigate these alternative explanations of the South African transition. Our analysis suggests that constraints on the domestic labor market and international financial boycotts were the primary factors in the collapse of apartheid.",
author = "Schwartzman, {Kathleen C} and Taylor, {Kristie A.}",
year = "1999",
month = "6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "109--139",
journal = "Journal of Political and Military Sociology",
issn = "0047-2697",
publisher = "Journal of Political and Military Sociology",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - What caused the collapse of apartheid?

AU - Schwartzman, Kathleen C

AU - Taylor, Kristie A.

PY - 1999/6

Y1 - 1999/6

N2 - In a 1992 national referendum, white South Africans voted to make the transition to full democracy. What accounts for the willingness of the ruling whites to close down the forty-four-year old apartheid system and open up the political arena? Numerous explanations have been offered for the recent wave of democratic transitions. Some have argued that transitions such as those in the Soviet Union (1991), Brazil (1981), and Portugal (1974) were the result of social protest. Others have attributed the transition to the rise of an industrial labor force. While South African observers argued that domestic economic stagnation would force a political readjustment, others argued that globalization made democratic coalitions preferable and more plausible. Using South African data and a time-series path model, we investigate these alternative explanations of the South African transition. Our analysis suggests that constraints on the domestic labor market and international financial boycotts were the primary factors in the collapse of apartheid.

AB - In a 1992 national referendum, white South Africans voted to make the transition to full democracy. What accounts for the willingness of the ruling whites to close down the forty-four-year old apartheid system and open up the political arena? Numerous explanations have been offered for the recent wave of democratic transitions. Some have argued that transitions such as those in the Soviet Union (1991), Brazil (1981), and Portugal (1974) were the result of social protest. Others have attributed the transition to the rise of an industrial labor force. While South African observers argued that domestic economic stagnation would force a political readjustment, others argued that globalization made democratic coalitions preferable and more plausible. Using South African data and a time-series path model, we investigate these alternative explanations of the South African transition. Our analysis suggests that constraints on the domestic labor market and international financial boycotts were the primary factors in the collapse of apartheid.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033147762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033147762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033147762

VL - 27

SP - 109

EP - 139

JO - Journal of Political and Military Sociology

JF - Journal of Political and Military Sociology

SN - 0047-2697

IS - 1

ER -