In this article, the authors examine why member states of the EU-15 differ in their hostility with regards to genetically modified crops and food. The authors trace this variation to two variables. First, they examine the impact of the presence (or absence) of alternative food production regimes and food traditions. If a vigorous eco-farming or regional food specialties sector exists, environmental and consumer associations can cement a strategic alliance with small farmers' organizations. This green-green bloc generally manages to heighten public resistance to genetically modified crops and food and thereby to exert strong influence on national policy makers. The second variable is the biotech industry, which, if strong enough, can usually prevail against even a strong green-green bloc.
- Community legislation
- Genetically modified food
- Public opinion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science