Who gains from genetic improvements in U.S. crops?

George B Frisvold, John Sullivan, Anton Raneses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution of gains of plant breeding and plant genetic resource exchange has been the source of heated North-South debates in meetings of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO) and the UN Convention on Biological Diversity. We report results of a study using a world agricultural trade model to estimate the size and distribution of economic gains from yield increases in major United States (U.S.) crops attributable to genetic improvements. The net global economic benefits of a onetime, permanent increase in U.S. yields are about $8.1 billion (discounted at 10%) and $15.4 billion (discounted at 5%). The United States captures 50-60% of these net gains. Gains to consumers in developing and transitional economies range from 6.1 billion (10% discount rate) to $11.6 billion (5% discount rate).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-246
Number of pages10
JournalAgBioForum
Volume2
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

genetic improvement
United Nations
crops
transitional economic systems
distribution (economics)
Economics
Food and Agriculture Organization
plant genetic resources
Biodiversity
plant breeding
Agriculture
Organizations
biodiversity
Food
economics
Crops
Discount rate
Plant Breeding

Keywords

  • Genetic resources
  • Plant breeding
  • Returns to research
  • Yields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

Frisvold, G. B., Sullivan, J., & Raneses, A. (1999). Who gains from genetic improvements in U.S. crops? AgBioForum, 2(3-4), 237-246.

Who gains from genetic improvements in U.S. crops? / Frisvold, George B; Sullivan, John; Raneses, Anton.

In: AgBioForum, Vol. 2, No. 3-4, 1999, p. 237-246.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frisvold, GB, Sullivan, J & Raneses, A 1999, 'Who gains from genetic improvements in U.S. crops?', AgBioForum, vol. 2, no. 3-4, pp. 237-246.
Frisvold GB, Sullivan J, Raneses A. Who gains from genetic improvements in U.S. crops? AgBioForum. 1999;2(3-4):237-246.
Frisvold, George B ; Sullivan, John ; Raneses, Anton. / Who gains from genetic improvements in U.S. crops?. In: AgBioForum. 1999 ; Vol. 2, No. 3-4. pp. 237-246.
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