Work engagement: A meta-analytic review and directions for research in an emerging area

Michael S. Christian, Jerel E. Slaughter

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Work engagement is a construct that has recently emerged as part of the trend toward positive psychology. This study reviews the engagement construct using a meta-analytic framework. First, we review the engagement construct and empirical research. Second, we present a meta-analysis of the correlates of the most commonly used measure of engagement, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES; Schaufeli, Salanova, Gonzalez-Roma, & Bakker, 2002). Meta-analytic results show that the three factors of engagement (i.e. vigor, dedication, and absorption) are strongly inter-correlated. Also, we found that engagement is more strongly related to job resources than job demands. Finally, we found that the dimensions of engagement predict organizational commitment and individual health outcomes in a manner consistent with predictions. We conclude with a discussion of the future directions that we believe engagement research should take.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Event67th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2007 - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Aug 3 2007Aug 8 2007

Other

Other67th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, AOM 2007
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period8/3/078/8/07

Keywords

  • Engagement
  • Meta-analysis
  • Positive psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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