X-ray cluster associated with the z = 1.063 CSS quasar 3C 186: The jet is not frustrated

Aneta Siemiginowska, C. C. Cheung, Stephanie Lamassa, D. J. Burke, Thomas L. Aldcroft, Jill Bechtold, Martin Elvis, D. M. Worrall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the Chandra discovery of an X-ray cluster at redshift z = 1.063 associated with the compact steep spectrum (CSS) radio-loud quasar 3C 186 (Q0740+380). Diffuse X-ray emission is detected out to ∼120 kpc from the quasar and contains 741 ±40 net counts. The X-ray spectrum of the extended emission shows strong Fe-line emission (EW = 412 eV) at the quasar redshift and confirms the thermal nature of this diffuse component. We measure a cluster temperature of 5.2-0.9+1.2 keV and an X-ray luminosity LX(0.5-2 keV) ∼ 6 × 1044 ergs s -1, which are in agreement with the luminosity-temperature relation for high-redshift clusters. This is the first detection of a bright X-ray cluster around a luminous (Lbol ∼ 1047 ergs s -1) CSS quasar at high redshift and is only the fifth z > 1 X-ray cluster detected. We find that the CSS radio source is highly overpressured with respect to the thermal cluster medium by about 3 orders of magnitude. This provides direct observational evidence that the radio source is not thermally confined as posited in the "frustrated" scenario for CSS sources. Instead, it appears that the radio source may be young and we are observing it at an early stage of its evolution. In that case the radio source could supply the energy into the cluster and potentially prevent its cooling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-121
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume632
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2005

Keywords

  • Quasars: individual (3C 186)
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Siemiginowska, A., Cheung, C. C., Lamassa, S., Burke, D. J., Aldcroft, T. L., Bechtold, J., Elvis, M., & Worrall, D. M. (2005). X-ray cluster associated with the z = 1.063 CSS quasar 3C 186: The jet is not frustrated. Astrophysical Journal, 632(1 I), 110-121. https://doi.org/10.1086/432871