Y chromosome markers and trans-bering strait dispersals

Tatiana Karafet, Stephen L. Zegura, Jennifer Vuturo-Brady, Olga Posukh, Ludmila Osipova, Victor Wiebe, Francine C Gachupin, Jeffrey C. Long, Shinji Harihara, Feng Jin, Bumbein Dashnyam, Tudevdagva Gerelsaikhan, Keiichi Omoto, Michael F Hammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five polymorphisms involving two paternally inherited loci were surveyed in 38 world populations (n = 1,631) to investigate the origins of Native Americans. One of the six Y chromosome combination haplotypes (1T) was found at relatively high frequencies (17.8-75.0%) in nine Native American populations (n = 206) representing the three major linguistic divisions in the New World. Overall, these data do not support the Greenberg et al. (1986) tripartite model for the early peopling of the Americas. The 1T haplotype was also discovered at a low frequency in Siberian Eskimos (3/22), Chukchi (1/6), and Evens (1/65) but was absent from 17 other Asian populations (n = 987). The perplexing presence of the 1T haplotype in northeastern Siberia may be due to back-migration from the New World to Asia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-314
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1997

Fingerprint

Y Chromosome
Y chromosome
Genetic Markers
Haplotypes
haplotypes
North American Indians
American Indians
Siberia
world population
Inuits
Population
Eskimos
migration
Linguistics
linguistics
genetic polymorphism
loci

Keywords

  • Asian source regions
  • Native American origins
  • Y chromosome combination haplotypes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Y chromosome markers and trans-bering strait dispersals. / Karafet, Tatiana; Zegura, Stephen L.; Vuturo-Brady, Jennifer; Posukh, Olga; Osipova, Ludmila; Wiebe, Victor; Gachupin, Francine C; Long, Jeffrey C.; Harihara, Shinji; Jin, Feng; Dashnyam, Bumbein; Gerelsaikhan, Tudevdagva; Omoto, Keiichi; Hammer, Michael F.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 102, No. 3, 03.1997, p. 301-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karafet, T, Zegura, SL, Vuturo-Brady, J, Posukh, O, Osipova, L, Wiebe, V, Gachupin, FC, Long, JC, Harihara, S, Jin, F, Dashnyam, B, Gerelsaikhan, T, Omoto, K & Hammer, MF 1997, 'Y chromosome markers and trans-bering strait dispersals', American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 301-314. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199703)102:3<301::AID-AJPA1>3.0.CO;2-Y
Karafet, Tatiana ; Zegura, Stephen L. ; Vuturo-Brady, Jennifer ; Posukh, Olga ; Osipova, Ludmila ; Wiebe, Victor ; Gachupin, Francine C ; Long, Jeffrey C. ; Harihara, Shinji ; Jin, Feng ; Dashnyam, Bumbein ; Gerelsaikhan, Tudevdagva ; Omoto, Keiichi ; Hammer, Michael F. / Y chromosome markers and trans-bering strait dispersals. In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1997 ; Vol. 102, No. 3. pp. 301-314.
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