Yeast CBP1 mRNA 3′ End Formation Is Regulated during the Induction of Mitochondrial Function

Stephen A. Mayer, Carol L. Dieckmann

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24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alternative mRNA processing is one mechanism for generating two or more polypeptides from a single gene. While many mammalian genes contain multiple mRNA 3′ cleavage and polyadenylation signals that change the coding sequence of the mature mRNA when used at different developmental stages or in different tissues, only one yeast gene has been identified with this capacity. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae nuclear gene CBP1 encodes a mitochondrial protein that is required for cytochrome b mRNA stability. This 66-kDa protein is encoded by a 2.2-kb mRNA transcribed from CBP1. Previously we showed that a second 1.2-kb transcript is initiated at the CBP1 promoter but has a 3′ end near the middle of the coding sequence. Furthermore, it was shown that the ratio of the steady-state level of 2.2-kb CBP1 message to 1.2-kb message decreases 10-fold during the induction of mitochondrial function, while the combined levels of both messages remain constant. Having proposed that regulation of 3′ end formation dictates the amount of each CBP1 transcript, we now show that a 146-bp fragment from the middle of CBP1 is sufficient to direct carbon source-regulated production of two transcripts when inserted into the yeast URA3 gene. This fragment contains seven polyadenylation sites for the wild-type 1.2-kb mRNA, as mapped by sequence analysis of CBP1 cDNA clones. Deletion mutations upstream of the polyadenylation sites abolished formation of the 1.2-kb transcript, whereas deletion of three of the sites only led to a reduction in abundance of the 1.2-kb mRNA. Our results indicate that regulation of the abundance of both CBP1 transcripts is controlled by elements in a short segment of the gene that directs 3′ end formation of the 1.2-kb transcript, a unique case in yeast cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-821
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1991

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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