Young Children′s Representation of Prosodic Phonology: Evidence From English-Speakers′ Weak Syllable Productions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

How can children use prosodic information such as pausing and pitch resetting to infer syntactic structure? This work considers the possibility that they do so by first constructing a prosodic representation similar to ones suggested by recent linguistic theory (e.g., Hayes, 1989; Nespor & Vogel, 1986; Selkirk, 1981). The research examines 2-year-olds′ sensitivity to prosodic structure by comparing their weak syllable preservation patterns in comparably stressed multisyllabic words and sentences. Consistent with previous research, the results suggest a speech production model in which children apply to their multisyllabic words a series of strong-(weak) metrical templates (Allen & Hawkins, 1980; Demuth, 1992, in press; Gerken, 1990, 1991, in press b; Gerken, Landau, & Remez, 1990; Wijnen, Krikaar, & den Os, in press). The new finding added by the current research is that children organize their intended sentences into phonological phrases and apply metrical templates within these prosodic units. Implications of children′s sensitivity to prosodic structure for syntax acquisition are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-38
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

young representation
phonology
Research
evidence
Information use
Syntactics
Linguistics
syntax
linguistics
English Speakers
Prosodic Phonology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics

Cite this

@article{32979a8e4faf45278df638308d750403,
title = "Young Children′s Representation of Prosodic Phonology: Evidence From English-Speakers′ Weak Syllable Productions",
abstract = "How can children use prosodic information such as pausing and pitch resetting to infer syntactic structure? This work considers the possibility that they do so by first constructing a prosodic representation similar to ones suggested by recent linguistic theory (e.g., Hayes, 1989; Nespor & Vogel, 1986; Selkirk, 1981). The research examines 2-year-olds′ sensitivity to prosodic structure by comparing their weak syllable preservation patterns in comparably stressed multisyllabic words and sentences. Consistent with previous research, the results suggest a speech production model in which children apply to their multisyllabic words a series of strong-(weak) metrical templates (Allen & Hawkins, 1980; Demuth, 1992, in press; Gerken, 1990, 1991, in press b; Gerken, Landau, & Remez, 1990; Wijnen, Krikaar, & den Os, in press). The new finding added by the current research is that children organize their intended sentences into phonological phrases and apply metrical templates within these prosodic units. Implications of children′s sensitivity to prosodic structure for syntax acquisition are discussed.",
author = "Louann Gerken",
year = "1994",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1006/jmla.1994.1002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "19--38",
journal = "Journal of Memory and Language",
issn = "0749-596X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Young Children′s Representation of Prosodic Phonology

T2 - Evidence From English-Speakers′ Weak Syllable Productions

AU - Gerken, Louann

PY - 1994/2

Y1 - 1994/2

N2 - How can children use prosodic information such as pausing and pitch resetting to infer syntactic structure? This work considers the possibility that they do so by first constructing a prosodic representation similar to ones suggested by recent linguistic theory (e.g., Hayes, 1989; Nespor & Vogel, 1986; Selkirk, 1981). The research examines 2-year-olds′ sensitivity to prosodic structure by comparing their weak syllable preservation patterns in comparably stressed multisyllabic words and sentences. Consistent with previous research, the results suggest a speech production model in which children apply to their multisyllabic words a series of strong-(weak) metrical templates (Allen & Hawkins, 1980; Demuth, 1992, in press; Gerken, 1990, 1991, in press b; Gerken, Landau, & Remez, 1990; Wijnen, Krikaar, & den Os, in press). The new finding added by the current research is that children organize their intended sentences into phonological phrases and apply metrical templates within these prosodic units. Implications of children′s sensitivity to prosodic structure for syntax acquisition are discussed.

AB - How can children use prosodic information such as pausing and pitch resetting to infer syntactic structure? This work considers the possibility that they do so by first constructing a prosodic representation similar to ones suggested by recent linguistic theory (e.g., Hayes, 1989; Nespor & Vogel, 1986; Selkirk, 1981). The research examines 2-year-olds′ sensitivity to prosodic structure by comparing their weak syllable preservation patterns in comparably stressed multisyllabic words and sentences. Consistent with previous research, the results suggest a speech production model in which children apply to their multisyllabic words a series of strong-(weak) metrical templates (Allen & Hawkins, 1980; Demuth, 1992, in press; Gerken, 1990, 1991, in press b; Gerken, Landau, & Remez, 1990; Wijnen, Krikaar, & den Os, in press). The new finding added by the current research is that children organize their intended sentences into phonological phrases and apply metrical templates within these prosodic units. Implications of children′s sensitivity to prosodic structure for syntax acquisition are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0004073896&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0004073896&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1006/jmla.1994.1002

DO - 10.1006/jmla.1994.1002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0004073896

VL - 33

SP - 19

EP - 38

JO - Journal of Memory and Language

JF - Journal of Memory and Language

SN - 0749-596X

IS - 1

ER -